Glossary

This is a glossary of Diabetes related terms that may be mentioned throughout the blog and documentary:

Anti-bodies: Proteins that the body makes to protect itself from foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses.

Blood Glucose Levels: How much glucose is in your blood at a given time. This level is very important for people with diabetes, and they must monitor their blood glucose level throughout the day.

Carbohydrates: One of the three main energy sources for the body (the others are fat and protein). Your body breaks down carbohydrates to get glucose, which then provides energy to the body.

Diabetes: A lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high as their body either attacks any insulin or doesn’t produce any at all. When someone has diabetes, their body can’t maintain healthy levels of glucose in the blood

Diabulimia: The word ‘diabulimia’ merges the words ‘diabetes’ and ‘bulimia’. It is used to describe the situation where somebody deliberately and regularly reduces the amount of insulin they take due to concerns over their body weight and/or shape.

Dialysis: One of the possible long-term complications of diabetes is kidney disease and failure. Dialysis is a treatment option for people with kidney failure. It’s a process that artificially cleans the blood.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA): Consistently high blood glucose levels can lead to a condition called DKA. This happens when a severe lack of insulin means the body cannot use glucose for energy, and the body starts to break down other body tissue as an alternative energy source.

Endrocrine System: Your endocrine system produces hormones that control bodily function. Diabetes is an endocrine disorder because insulin is a hormone. In type 1 diabetes, the body doesn’t produce insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the body either produces too little insulin or doesn’t use it correctly.

ED-DMT1: Is the wider technical term, covering all eating disorders associated with Diabetes.

Glucagon: Glucagon is a hormone made by the pancreas. It raises the blood glucose level, so it counteracts the effects of the hormone insulin.

Glucose: The sugar that the body uses for energy. In order to use it properly, your body must have enough of the hormone insulin.

Hyperglycemia: When you have too much glucose in the blood.

Hypoglycemia: When you have too little glucose in the blood.

Insulin:A hormone that helps the body use glucose. Without insulin, glucose can’t get to where it needs to go.

Ketones: When the body starts to break down fat in order to get energy, ketones are a byproduct. When too many of those build up in the blood, it makes the blood acidic and can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis.

Pancreas: The organ in your body that produces insulin.

 

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